How to Grow Jackfruit from Seed: A Step-by-Step Guide - No Plant No Life

Wednesday, June 5, 2024

How to Grow Jackfruit from Seed: A Step-by-Step Guide


Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) is a tropical fruit tree native to South and Southeast Asia. 

Renowned for its large size and distinctive flavor, the jackfruit is not only a versatile ingredient in various culinary traditions but also a symbol of tropical abundance. 

Growing jackfruit from seed can be a rewarding endeavor, whether you are an experienced gardener or a novice. 

This comprehensive guide will walk you through the process of planting and growing jackfruit from seed, from selecting the right seeds to nurturing your tree to maturity.

What is Jackfruit?

Jackfruit is the largest tree-borne fruit in the world, capable of reaching up to 80 pounds in weight, 36 inches in length, and 20 inches in diameter. 

The fruit is covered in a thick, spiky rind and contains numerous seeds surrounded by fleshy, edible arils. 

The flavor of jackfruit is often described as a combination of banana, pineapple, and mango, making it a popular ingredient in both sweet and savory dishes.

Nutritional Benefits

Jackfruit is not only delicious but also nutritious. It is rich in vitamins A and C, potassium, dietary fiber, and antioxidants.

Additionally, jackfruit seeds are a good source of protein and essential minerals.

Growing Regions

Jackfruit thrives in tropical and subtropical climates, preferring temperatures between 70°F and 90°F (21°C to 32°C). 

It requires a long, warm growing season and cannot tolerate frost. 

Ideal growing regions include parts of India, Bangladesh, Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines, and tropical regions of Africa and the Americas.

Step-by-Step Guide to Growing Jackfruit from Seed

1. Selecting and Preparing Seeds

🔺Choosing the Right Fruit

To start growing jackfruit, you need to select a healthy, ripe jackfruit. 

Look for a fruit that is large, evenly colored, and emits a sweet, fruity aroma. The fruit should be slightly soft to the touch, indicating ripeness.

🔺Extracting the Seeds

1. Cut the Fruit: Carefully cut the jackfruit open using a large knife. Be cautious of the sticky latex that can make handling the fruit messy. 

Applying some oil to your knife and hands can help reduce the stickiness.


2. Remove the Seeds: Extract the seeds from the fleshy arils. Each seed is encased in a thin, white membrane, which should be removed.

3. Cleaning the Seeds: Wash the seeds thoroughly to remove any remaining fruit pulp. This helps prevent mold and bacterial growth during the germination process.


Preparing the Seeds for Germination

1 ✅ Soaking: Soak the cleaned seeds in water for 24 hours. This helps to soften the seed coat and promotes faster germination.


2. Drying: After soaking, dry the seeds with a clean cloth. Do not allow the seeds to dry out completely; they should remain slightly moist.

Germinating the Seeds

Choosing a Germination Method

There are two primary methods for germinating jackfruit seeds: using a germination tray or planting directly in the soil.

Germination Tray Method

1. Tray Preparation: Fill a germination tray with a well-draining potting mix. You can use a mixture of compost, sand, and perlite.


2. Planting the Seeds: Plant the seeds about 1 inch deep in the soil. Space the seeds at least 2 inches apart to allow room for growth.

3. Watering: Water the tray thoroughly, ensuring the soil is evenly moist but not waterlogged.

4. Covering: Cover the tray with a plastic lid or plastic wrap to create a humid environment. Make sure there are small holes for ventilation.

Direct Soil Method

1. Soil Preparation: Choose a well-draining soil with a pH of 6.0 to 7.5. Amend the soil with compost to enhance fertility.

2. Planting the Seeds: Plant the seeds 1 inch deep in the soil, spacing them at least 2 inches apart.

3. Watering: Water the soil thoroughly, keeping it consistently moist.

Germination Environment

Place the germination tray or pot in a warm, sunny location with temperatures between 75°F and 85°F (24°C to 29°C). Jackfruit seeds typically germinate within 3 to 8 weeks. 

During this period, keep the soil moist and avoid letting it dry out.

3. Transplanting Seedlings

Preparing for Transplanting

Once the jackfruit seedlings have developed at least two true leaves and are about 8 inches tall, they are ready for transplanting.

Choosing the Right Location

1. Sunlight: Select a planting site that receives full sun for at least 6 to 8 hours a day.


2. Space: Ensure there is enough space for the tree to grow. Jackfruit trees can reach heights of 30 to 70 feet with a canopy spread of 20 to 50 feet.

3. Soil: The soil should be well-draining, fertile, and slightly acidic to neutral.

Transplanting Process

1. Digging the Hole: Dig a hole twice the size of the seedling’s root ball. This allows the roots to spread easily.

2. Preparing the Seedling: Gently remove the seedling from the tray or pot, being careful not to damage the roots.

3. Planting: Place the seedling in the hole, ensuring that the root ball is level with the surrounding soil. Fill the hole with soil and lightly tamp it down to remove air pockets.

4. Watering: Water the seedling thoroughly after planting to help it establish roots in its new location.

4. Caring for Your Jackfruit Tree


Jackfruit trees require regular watering, especially during the first few years of growth. 

Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. During dry periods, increase the frequency of watering.

✅ Mulching

Apply a layer of mulch around the base of the tree to retain moisture, regulate soil temperature, and suppress weeds. Keep the mulch a few inches away from the trunk to prevent rot.

✅ Fertilizing

Feed your jackfruit tree with a balanced fertilizer (such as 10-10-10) every 6 to 8 weeks during the growing season. 

Additionally, incorporating compost into the soil can provide essential nutrients.

✅ Pruning

Pruning helps shape the tree, remove dead or diseased branches, and improve air circulation. 

Prune your jackfruit tree annually, preferably during the dry season.

1. Remove Weak Branches: Cut away any weak or crossing branches to promote a strong structure.

2. Shape the Canopy: Maintain a balanced canopy by trimming overgrown branches.

5. Protecting Against Pests and Diseases

Common Pests

1. Fruit Flies: Fruit flies can be a significant problem for jackfruit. Use traps and organic insecticides to manage infestations.

2. Scale Insects: Scale insects can be controlled with horticultural oils or insecticidal soaps.

3. Borers: Tree borers can damage the trunk and branches. Regular monitoring and treatment with appropriate insecticides can help prevent infestations.

Common Diseases

1. Anthracnose: This fungal disease causes dark lesions on leaves and fruit. Use fungicides and practice good sanitation to manage this disease.

2. Root Rot: Poor drainage can lead to root rot. Ensure proper soil drainage and avoid overwatering.

6. Harvesting Jackfruit

Maturity Indicators

Jackfruit typically takes 3 to 8 years to bear fruit when grown from seed. The fruit is ready for harvest when it emits a strong, sweet aroma and produces a hollow sound when tapped.

Harvesting Process

1. Cutting the Fruit: Use a sharp knife or pruning saw to cut the fruit from the tree, leaving a short stem attached.

2. Handling: Wear gloves or apply oil to your hands to avoid contact with the sticky latex.

7. Utilizing Jackfruit

Culinary Uses

1.Ripe Jackfruit: The sweet arils of ripe jackfruit can be eaten fresh, added to desserts, or used in smoothies.

2. Unripe Jackfruit: Young, unripe jackfruit is often used as a meat substitute in savory dishes due to its fibrous texture.

Preserving Jackfruit

1. Freezing: Jackfruit arils can be frozen for later use.


2. Canning: Preserve jackfruit by canning it in syrup or water.

3. Drying: Dried jackfruit chips make a tasty and portable snack.


Growing jackfruit from seed is a rewarding and enriching experience. 

With patience and proper care, you can enjoy the fruits of your labor in the form of delicious, nutritious jackfruit. 

By following this step-by-step guide, you’ll be well on your way to nurturing your own jackfruit tree, adding a touch of the tropics to your garden. 

Whether you are a seasoned gardener or a beginner, the journey of growing jackfruit from seed is sure to be an exciting and fulfilling adventure.

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